Actors and stakeholders

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Actors and stakeholders

Friends Groups

Groups of participative citizens living near a commons (such as a park) (outside of government or private oversight) to respond against regulatory slippage and invests in commons upkeep, mobilize a plan and raise support for restoration, maintenance, and preservation (Foster 2012)

Park Conservancies

A nonprofit organization raising large sums of money to co-manage large urban parks in partnership with local governments

Non-Governmental/Non-Profit Organizations

An organization which does not distribute its surplus income to owners or shareholders (Wikipedia)

Municipalities and Governing Bodies

A department that is assigned to manage a city, a town or a village, or a small group of them. It has a clearly defined territory, and all the people living on that territory share one common local government. In most countries, a municipality is the smallest administrative subdivision to have its own democratically elected representative leadership. A municipality is usually governed by a mayor and a city or municipal council. The municipality can be created as a municipal corporation. (Wikipedia)

Small Local Businesses and Enterprises

Privately owned corporations, partnerships, or sole proprietorships that have fewer employees and/or less annual revenue than a regular-sized business or corporation. Businesses are defined as "small" in terms of being able to apply for government support and qualify for preferential tax policy varies depending on the country and industry. (Wikipedia)

Citizens (seperated by Age and Purpose
Young People, Families, Elderlies) (Could also be split from Primary </span>users to Secondary users Groups)

A person that is recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a municipality and or sovereign state. (DBpedia)

Platform Co-operatives

An autonomous association of people united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly owned and democratically controlled business. Cooperatives include non-profit community organizations and businesses that are owned and managed by the people who use their services (a consumer cooperative); by the people who work there (a worker cooperative); by the people who live there (a housing cooperative); hybrids such as worker cooperatives that are also consumer cooperatives or credit unions; multi-stakeholder cooperatives such as those that bring together civil society and local actors to deliver community needs; and second and third tier cooperatives whose members are other cooperatives. (Wikipedia)

Academic Researchers
Persons that perform formal work that is undertaken systematically to increase the stock of knowledge (Wikipedia)
I will put the definition of each actor here, 
but should I explain what their involvement/responsibilities could 
look like in the tactical chartering process here? --AG

Key Characteristics of Tactical Chartering

A clear definition - Of or relating to small-scale actions serving a larger purpose, Or a process of planning and or maneuvering between unrelated groups to accomplish a common purpose

A deliberate phased approach to instigating change - Whatever the objective might be, tactical chartering is an organized way of making a plan, setting rules and norms, and providing responsibilities that make the writing of the charter more conducive to the people and physical space of the neighborhood.

An offering of local ideas for planning local challenges - Inhabitants know best what the neighborhood needs to retain its character or provide unobtainable needs to residents of a neighbhorhood, so inhabitants will share ideas, norms, and decisions to tackle whatever challenge an urban commons might face.

Short term commitment and realistic expectations - Projects should remain relatively local and conducive to the conditions of the neighborhood instead big-scale planned projects that run the risk of changing the character of the neighborhood. If projects are at a smaller scale, it is more likely that its residents will actively participate to reach the objective. That said, tactical chartering can lead to a low risk change to the neighborhood with a potentially high reward. Experimental projects can be done inexpensively, with flexibility, and with the possibility for adjustments to be made.

Development of Social Capital between different involved groups - Social capital can be shared and distributed between residents, community leaders, private institutions, NGOs, and other constituents, which helps foster clearer communication in the planning of a charter. This will also help develop trust between the different groups involved in the same project, which makes it easier for people to work with one another

Participatory Planning - Urban projects are more successful when the public is involved with the testing of ideas and design features, this will also help raise public awareness to the project.


Online Sharing Tactics - Participants can use sophisticated web-based tools to allow the sharing of ideas to certain urban issues. Such ideas can be distributed across several cities that are faced with similar problems within minutes.

This part is completely new.. what do you think? And does it fit with the rest of the content here?