Union Européenne

De Remix Biens Communs
The printable version is no longer supported and may have rendering errors. Please update your browser bookmarks and please use the default browser print function instead.

Définition(s)

Définitions générales

[modifier]
The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. It has an area of 4,324,782 km2 (1,669,808 sq mi), and an estimated population of over 510 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries, and regional development. Within the Schengen Area, passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002, and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency. The EU operates through a hybrid system of supranational and intergovernmental decision-making. The seven principal decision-making bodies—known as the institutions of the European Union—are the European Council, the Council of the European Union, the European Parliament, the European Commission, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank, and the European Court of Auditors. The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC), formed by the Inner Six countries in 1951 and 1958, respectively. The community and its successors have grown in size by the accession of new member states and in power by the addition of policy areas to its remit. The Maastricht Treaty established the European Union in 1993 and introduced European citizenship. The latest major amendment to the constitutional basis of the EU, the Treaty of Lisbon, came into force in 2009. Covering 7.3% of the world population, the EU in 2016 generated a nominal gross domestic product (GDP) of 16.477 trillion US dollars, constituting approximately 22.2% of global nominal GDP and 16.9% when measured in terms of purchasing power parity. Additionally, 26 out of 28 EU countries have a very high Human Development Index, according to the United Nations Development Programme. In 2012, the EU was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Through the Common Foreign and Security Policy, the EU has developed a role in external relations and defence. The union maintains permanent diplomatic missions throughout the world and represents itself at the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G8, and the G-20. Because of its global influence, the European Union has been described as a current or as a potential superpower.

Source : http://dbpedia.org/resource/European_Union


Médias référencés

Objet de commun (4)

Enjeu (12)

Sources

Wikidata : Q458
DBpedia EN : European_Union

Autres langues (Wikipedia)

Европатәи Аидгыла (abwiki)
Еуро Зэкъотыныгъэ (adywiki)
Europese Unie (afwiki)
Europäische Union (alswiki)
አውሮፓ ህብረት (amwiki)
Europisce Gesamnung (angwiki)
Unión Europea (anwiki)
ܚܘܝܕܐ ܐܘܪܘܦܝܐ (arcwiki)
الاتحاد الأوروبي (arwiki)
تصنيف:الاتحاد الأوروبي (arwikinews)
الاتحاد الأوروپي (arywiki)
اتحاد اوروبى (arzwiki)
Xunión Europea (astwiki)
ইউৰোপিয়ান ইউনিয়ন (aswiki)
Europafa Tanara (avkwiki)
Европаялъул цолъи (avwiki)
اوروپا بیرلیگی (azbwiki)
Avropa İttifaqı (azwiki)
Uni Éropa (banwiki)
Eiropäische Union (barwiki)
Euruopas Sājonga (bat_smgwiki)
Европа берлеге (bawiki)
Union Europea (bclwiki)
Эўрапейскі Зьвяз (be_x_oldwiki)
Еўрапейскі Саюз (bewiki)
Европейски съюз (bgwiki)
यूरोपियन यूनियन (bhwiki)
Eropa Jɛkulu (bmwiki)
ইউরোপীয় ইউনিয়ন (bnwiki)
Unaniezh Europa (brwiki)
Evropska unija (bswiki)
Европын холбоон (bxrwiki)
Unió Europea (cawiki)
Categoria:Unió Europea (cawikinews)
Unión Europea (cbk_zamwiki)
Ĕu-ciŭ Lièng-mèng (cdowiki)
Unyong Uropeyo (cebwiki)
Европин барт (cewiki)
یەکێتیی ئەورووپا (ckbwiki)
European Union (commonswiki)
Unioni Auropea (cowiki)
Avropa Birligi (crhwiki)
Eùropejskô Ùnijô (csbwiki)
Evropská unie (cswiki)
Kategorie:Evropská unie (cswikinews)
Evropská unie (cswikiquote)
Европа Пĕрлешĕвĕ (cvwiki)
Yr Undeb Ewropeaidd (cywiki)
Den Europæiske Union (dawiki)
Europäische Union (dewiki)
Kategorie:Europäische Union (dewikinews)
Europäische Union (dewikiquote)
Europäische Union (dewikivoyage)
Yewiya Ewropa (diqwiki)
Europska unija (dsbwiki)
युरोपेली संघ (dtywiki)
Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση (elwiki)
Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση (elwikivoyage)
European Union (enwiki)
Pinyin/EU (enwikibooks)
Category:European Union (enwikinews)
European Union (enwikiquote)
European Union (enwikivoyage)
Eŭropa Unio (eowiki)
Kategorio:Eŭropa Unio (eowikinews)
Eŭropa Unio (eowikiquote)
Unión Europea (eswiki)
Categoría:Unión Europea (eswikinews)
Unión Europea (eswikiquote)
Unión Europea (eswikivoyage)
Euroopa Liit (etwiki)
Euroopa Liit (etwikiquote)
Europar Batasuna (euwiki)
Unión Uropea (extwiki)
اتحادیه اروپا (fawiki)
رده:اتحادیه اروپا (fawikinews)
اتحادیه اروپا (fawikiquote)
Õuruupa Liit (fiu_vrowiki)
Euroopan unioni (fiwiki)
Luokka:Euroopan unioni (fiwikinews)
Euroopan unioni (fiwikiquote)
Euroopan unioni (fiwikivoyage)
Evropeiska Samveldið (fowiki)
Union eropèèna (frpwiki)
Europäisch Unjoon (frrwiki)
Union européenne (frwiki)
Catégorie:Union européenne (frwikinews)
Union européenne (frwikiquote)
Union européenne (frwikiversity)
Union européenne (frwikivoyage)
Union Europeane (furwiki)
Jeropeeske Uny (fywiki)
Evropa Birlii (gagwiki)
An tAontas Eorpach (gawiki)
Linyon éropéyen (gcrwiki)
An t-Aonadh Eòrpach (gdwiki)
Unión Europea (glwiki)
𐌰𐌹𐍅𐍂𐍉𐍀𐌹𐍃𐌺𐌰 𐌿𐌽𐌾𐍉 (gotwiki)
Yn Unnaneys Oarpagh (gvwiki)
Êu-chû Lièn-mèn (hakwiki)
Tarayyar Turai (hawiki)
ʻUnionlelo ʻEulopa (hawwiki)
האיחוד האירופי (hewiki)
קטגוריה:האיחוד האירופי (hewikinews)
האיחוד האירופי (hewikivoyage)
European Union (hifwiki)
यूरोपीय संघ (hiwiki)
Europska unija (hrwiki)
Europska unija (hsbwiki)
Inyon Ewopeyèn (htwiki)
Európai Unió (huwiki)
Kategória:Európai Unió (huwikinews)
Եվրոպական միություն (hywiki)
Եւրոպական Միութիւն (hywwiki)
Union Europee (iawiki)
Uni Eropa (idwiki)
Europan Union (iewiki)
Kappon ti Europa (ilowiki)
Europana Uniono (iowiki)
Evrópusambandið (iswiki)
Unione europea (itwiki)
Categoria:Unione Europea (itwikinews)
Unione europea (itwikiquote)
Autore:Unione europea (itwikisource)
Tematica:Unione europea (itwikivoyage)
Yuropiyan Yuunian (jamwiki)
欧州連合 (jawiki)
ropno gunma (jbowiki)
Uni Éropah (jvwiki)
ევროკავშირი (kawiki)
UE ŋgbɛyɛ (kbpwiki)
Еуропа одағы (kkwiki)
EU (klwiki)
សហភាពអឺរ៉ុប (kmwiki)
ಯುರೋಪಿನ ಒಕ್ಕೂಟ (knwiki)
Ӧтласа Европа (koiwiki)
유럽 연합 (kowiki)
분류:유럽 연합 (kowikinews)
Европа бирлик (krcwiki)
Yekîtiya Ewropayê (kuwiki)
Европаса Союз (kvwiki)
Unyans Europek (kwwiki)
Европа биримдиги (kywiki)
Union Evropea (ladwiki)
Unio Europaea (lawiki)
Europäesch Unioun (lbwiki)
Европадин ГалкӀ (lezwiki)
Uni European (lfnwiki)
Union Europea (lijwiki)
Europese Unie (liwiki)
Categorie:Europese Unie (liwikinews)
Union europea (lldwiki)
Üniun Eurupea (lmowiki)
Lisangá lya Erópa (lnwiki)
Europos Sąjunga (ltwiki)
Europos Sąjunga (ltwikiquote)
Eiropas Savienība (lvwiki)
युरोपेली सङ्घ (maiwiki)
Uni Eropa (map_bmswiki)
Явропонь Соткс (mdfwiki)
Vondrona Eorôpeana (mgwiki)
Европа Ушем (mhrwiki)
Kotahitanga o Ūropi (miwiki)
Европска Унија (mkwiki)
യൂറോപ്യൻ യൂണിയൻ (mlwiki)
Европын Холбоо (mnwiki)
युरोपियन संघ (mrwiki)
Kesatuan Eropah (mswiki)
Unjoni Ewropea (mtwiki)
Ounion Ouropeia (mwlwiki)
Европань Вейсэндявкс (myvwiki)
ဥရောပ သမဂ္ဂ (mywiki)
اروپای اتحادیه (mznwiki)
Aunione europea (napwiki)
Europeeske Uny (nds_nlwiki)
Europääsche Union (ndswiki)
युरोपेली सङ्घ (newiki)
युरोपियन युनियन (newwiki)
Europese Unie (nlwiki)
Atlas van Europa/Europese Unie (nlwikibooks)
Categorie:Europese Unie (nlwikinews)
Den europeiske unionen (nnwiki)
Europan Unione (novwiki)
Den europeiske union (nowiki)
Kategori:EU (nowikinews)
Unnion Ûropéenne (nrmwiki)
European Union (nywiki)
Union Europèa (ocwiki)
Jevroupan unioni (olowiki)
Европæйы Цæдис (oswiki)
Union Oropeo (papwiki)
ਯੂਰਪੀ ਸੰਘ (pawiki)
Union uropéyine (pcdwiki)
Eiropeeische Union (pdcwiki)
Unia Europejska (plwiki)
Kategoria:Unia Europejska (plwikinews)
Unia Europejska (plwikiquote)
Unia Europejska (plwikivoyage)
Union Europenga (pmswiki)
یورپی یونین (pnbwiki)
Ευρωπαϊκόν Σύνδεσμον (pntwiki)
اروپایي ټولنه (pswiki)
União Europeia (ptwiki)
Categoria:União Europeia (ptwikinews)
União Europeia (ptwikivoyage)
Iwrupa Huñu (quwiki)
Uniun europeica (rmwiki)
Europikano Ekipen (rmywiki)
Uniunea Europeană (roa_rupwiki)
Aunìone europèe (roa_tarawiki)
Uniunea Europeană (rowiki)
Categorie:Uniunea Europeană (rowikinews)
Uniunea Europeană (rowikivoyage)
Европска унія (ruewiki)
Европейский союз (ruwiki)
Категория:Европейский союз (ruwikinews)
Umuryango w’Ubumwe bw’Ibihugu by’i Burayi (rwwiki)
Европа Сойууһа (sahwiki)
Unioni Europea (scnwiki)
European Union (scowiki)
Unione Europea (scwiki)
يورپي اتحاد (sdwiki)
Eurohpá uniovdna (sewiki)
ၸုမ်းၽွမ်ႉႁူမ်ႈ ယူးရူပ်ႉ (shnwiki)
Evropska unija (shwiki)
European Union (simplewiki)
යුරෝපියානු සංගමය (siwiki)
Európska únia (skwiki)
Evropska unija (slwiki)
Evropska unija (slwikiquote)
Euroop union (smnwiki)
Iuni a Europa (smwiki)
Midowga Yurub (sowiki)
Bashkimi Evropian (sqwiki)
Kategoria:Bashkimi Evropian (sqwikinews)
Европска унија (srwiki)
Категорија:Европска унија (srwikinews)
Europäiske Union (stqwiki)
Uni Éropa (suwiki)
Europeiska unionen (svwiki)
Kategori:EU (svwikinews)
Europeiska unionen (svwikiquote)
Umoja wa Ulaya (swwiki)
Ojropejsko Uńijo (szlwiki)
ஐரோப்பிய ஒன்றியம் (tawiki)
பகுப்பு:ஐரோப்பிய ஒன்றியம் (tawikinews)
Uniaun Europeia (tetwiki)
ఐరోపా సమాఖ్య (tewiki)
Иттиҳоди Аврупо (tgwiki)
สหภาพยุโรป (thwiki)
Unyong Europeo (tlwiki)
Avrupa Birliği (trwiki)
Kategori:Avrupa Birliği (trwikinews)
Nhlangono wa matiko ya Yuropa (tswiki)
Аурупа берлеге (ttwiki)
Европа союз (udmwiki)
ياۋروپا ئىتتىپاقى (ugwiki)
Європейський Союз (ukwiki)
Категорія:Європейський Союз (ukwikinews)
Європейський Союз (ukwikiquote)
یورپی اتحاد (urwiki)
Yevropa Ittifoqi (uzwiki)
Union Eoropea (vecwiki)
Evropan Ühtištuz (vepwiki)
Liên minh châu Âu (viwiki)
Europese Unie (vlswiki)
Balatam Yuropik (vowiki)
Unyon Europea (warwiki)
Union Uropeyinne (wawiki)
欧洲联盟 (wuuwiki)
ევროპაშ რსხუ (xmfwiki)
אייראפעאישער פאראיין (yiwiki)
Ìṣọ̀kan Europe (yowiki)
Europese Unie (zeawiki)
歐羅巴聯盟 (zh_classicalwiki)
Au-chiu Liân-bêng (zh_min_nanwiki)
歐洲聯盟 (zh_yuewiki)
欧洲联盟 (zhwiki)
Category:歐盟 (zhwikinews)
欧洲联盟 (zhwikiquote)
欧盟 (zhwikivoyage)

Q458 European_Union



FR