Allotment Garden

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Source : COLDING Johan,BARTHEL Stephan(2013). The Potential of “Urban Green Commons” in the Resilience Building of Cities. Ecological Economics 86. Sustainable Urbanisation: A Resilient Future: 156–166.

Physical spaces comprised of publicly/privately held vacant lots in cities that allow neighborhood locals to grow food and plants, conduct urban greenery, and work together to achieve self sufficiency.

Définitions Wikipedia


Les jardins familiaux, ou jardins ouvriers, apparus à la fin du XIXe siècle, sont des parcelles de terrain mises à la disposition des habitants par les municipalités. Ces parcelles, affectées le plus souvent à la culture potagère, furent initialement destinées à améliorer les conditions de vie des ouvriers en leur procurant un équilibre social et une autosubsistance alimentaire. En France, les jardins ouvriers prendront dans le langage officiel (pas dans le langage courant) l'appellation de jardins familiaux après la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Aujourd'hui, ils bénéficient d'un regain d'intérêt en contribuant à créer à proximité des villes des « oasis de verdure » qui sont utiles face à la menace du réchauffement climatique. Ils répondent aussi aux préoccupations actuelles de produire localement des légumes par des catégories de population à faibles revenus et participent à créer du « lien social » dans les zones urbanisées.

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An allotment (British English), or in North America, a community garden, is a plot of land made available for individual, non-commercial gardening or growing food plants, so forming a kitchen garden away from the residence of the user. Such plots are formed by subdividing a piece of land into a few or up to several hundred parcels that are assigned to individuals or families. Such parcels are cultivated individually, contrary to other community garden types where the entire area is tended collectively by a group of people. In countries that do not use the term "allotment (garden)", a "community garden" may refer to individual small garden plots as well as to a single, large piece of land gardened collectively by a group of people. The term "victory garden" is also still sometimes used, especially when a community garden dates back to the First or Second World War. The individual size of a parcel typically suits the needs of a family, and often the plots include a shed for tools and shelter, and sometimes a hut for seasonal or weekend accommodation. The individual gardeners are usually organised in an allotment association, which leases or is granted the land from an owner who may be a public, private or ecclesiastical entity, and who usually stipulates that it be only used for gardening (i.e., growing vegetables, fruits and flowers), but not for permanent residential purposes (this is usually also required by zoning laws). The gardeners have to pay a small membership fee to the association, and have to abide by the corresponding constitution and by-laws. However, the membership entitles them to certain democratic rights.

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Q8054653 Allotment_(gardening) Jardins_familiaux