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Définitions générales

Un camp de réfugiés est un camp temporaire construit par des gouvernements ou des ONG (telles que la Croix-Rouge) pour recevoir des réfugiés. C'est un espace humanitaire artificiel, fondé sur un système urbain pour une durée limitée suite à une catastrophe naturelle ou à une crise politique. Certains camps peuvent accueillir jusqu'à plusieurs milliers de personnes.Les différentes guerres israélo-arabes ont conduit à la construction de nombreux camps de réfugiés palestiniens, dont certains ont fini par devenir des structures permanentes. En revanche, les camps de réfugés albanais du Kosovo ont pu disparaître rapidement une fois un accord de paix conclu.

Source :éfugiés

Catégories (Wikipedia)

Camp de réfugiés

Termes associés (Wikipedia)

Terme Référence
Michel Agier
Camps de transit et de reclassement pour les harkis
Camp de réfugiéségorie:Camp_de_réfugiés
Liste des camps de réfugiés palestinienséfugiés_palestiniens
Exode tibétain de 1959étain_de_1959
Malnutrition au Tibet
Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge
Organisation non gouvernementale
Pyramide des besoins
Université d'Adélaïdeé_d'Adélaïde
Hôpital Delekôpital_Delek
Camps d'accueil des rapatriés d'Indochine'accueil_des_rapatriés_d'Indochine
Réseau scientifique TERRAéseau_scientifique_TERRA

A refugee camp is a temporary settlement built to receive refugees and people in refugee-like situations. Refugee camps usually accommodate displaced persons who have fled their home country, but there are also camps for internally displaced people. Usually refugees seek asylum after they have escaped war in their home countries, but some camps also house environmental- and economic migrants. Camps with over a hundred thousand people are common, but as of 2012, the average-sized camp housed around 11,400. They are usually built and run by a government, the United Nations, international organizations (such as the International Committee of the Red Cross), or NGOs. There are also unofficial refugee camps, like Idomeni in Greece or the Calais jungle in France, where refugees are largely left without support of governments or international organizations. Refugee camps generally develop in an impromptu fashion with the aim of meeting basic human needs for only a short time. Facilities that make a camp look or feel more permanent are often prohibited by host country governments. If the return of refugees is prevented (often by civil war), a humanitarian crisis can result or continue. According to UNHCR, the majority of refugees worldwide do not live in refugee camps. At the end of 2015, some 67 percent of refugees around the world lived in individual, private accommodations. This can be partly explained by the high number of Syrian refugees renting apartments in urban agglomerations across the Middle East. Worldwide, slightly over a quarter (25.4%) of refugees were reported to be living in managed camps. At the end of 2015, about 56 percent of the total refugee population in rural locations resided in a managed camp, compared to the 2 percent who resided in individual accommodation. In urban locations, the overwhelming majority (99 percent) of refugees lived in individual accommodations, compared with less than 1 percent who lived in a managed camp. A small percentage of refugees also live in collective centers, transit camps and in self-settled camps. In spite of the fact that 74 percent of refugees are in urban areas, the service delivery model of international humanitarian aid agencies remains focused on the establishment and operation of refugee camps.

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Objet de commun (2)


Wikidata : Q622499
DBpedia FR : Camp_de_réfugiés
DBpedia EN : Refugee_camp

Autres langues (Wikipedia)

Q622499 Refugee_camp Camp_de_réfugiés