La Charte de Kurukan Fuga
|Langue du contenu||FR|
|Fait partie de||Outils juridiques et légaux pour les communs|
|URL de diffusion||http://wiki.remixthecommons.org/images/La_Charte_de_Kurukan_Fuga.pdf|
|Archive physique||Rue Pajol|
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
According to the Epic of Sundiata, Kouroukan Fouga or Kurukan Fuga was the constitution of the Mali Empire created after the Battle of Krina (1235) by an assembly of nobles to create a government for the newly established empire. According to oral tradition of the griot poets of Mali and Guinea, the Kouroukan Fouga established the federation of Mandinka clans under one government, outlined how it would operate and established the laws by which the people would live. The name Kurukan Fuga is a toponym, translating to "clearing on granite / lateritic rock", referring to the plain near the town of Ka-ba (present day Kangaba) where the narrative has Sundiata Keita present the charter.
The "Manden Charter, proclaimed in Kurukan Fuga", was inscribed in 2009 (4.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity kept by UNESCO.
This document is written for a territory of land between Guinea and Mali (before they became sovereign nations). It was one of the first charters of its kind and dates back to the thirteenth century. It is not in effect anymore, but it is a good historical reference to see how people from different tribes discussed and agreed upon how this patch of land would be governed and managed, focusing on the interests of the peoples of each tribe.