Community garden

De Remix Biens Communs
Révision datée du 26 janvier 2018 à 06:58 par Fred (discussion | contributions)
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Source : Johan Colding,Stephan Barthel(2013). The Potential of “Urban Green Commons” in the Resilience Building of Cities. Ecological Economics 86. Sustainable Urbanisation: A Resilient Future: 156–166.

Shared urban spaces that consist of multiple garden plots of equal size, often on municipally owned land, constituting well managed flower, bush, and tree rich sites that provide lot holders with a variety of locally resourceful flora (including vegetables, fruits, and ornamental flowers)

Le jardin communautaire, partagé, associatif ou encore collectif, est un jardin rural ou urbain géré en commun par un groupe d’habitants. La dénomination de jardin partagé est celle choisie par l'État français depuis 2014 (bien que les autres appellations lui soient antérieures et restent largement utilisées dans le monde francophone) : « On entend par jardins partagés les jardins créés ou animés collectivement, ayant pour objet de développer des liens sociaux de proximité par le biais d’activités sociales, culturelles ou éducatives et étant accessibles au public. »

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A community garden is a piece of land gardened or cultivated by a group of people individually or collectively. Normally in community gardens, the land is divided into individual plots. Each individual gardener is responsible for their own plot and the yielding or the production of which belongs to the individual. In collective gardens the piece of land is not divided. A group of people cultivate it together and the harvest belongs to all participants. Around the world, community gardens exist in various forms, it can be located in the proximity of neighborhoods or on balconies and rooftops. Its size can vary greatly from one to another. Community gardens have experienced three waves of major development in North America. The earliest wave of community gardens development coincided with the industrial revolution and rapid urbanization process in Europe and North America; they were then called 'Jardin d'ouvrier' (or workers' garden). The second wave of community garden development happened during the WWI and WWII; they were part of "Liberty Gardens" and "Victory Gardens" respectively. The most recent wave of community garden development happened in the 1970s during the OPEC crisis, results of grassroots movement in quest for available land to combat against food insecurity. More recently, community gardens have seen a global resurgence. This may be related to several issues faced by the global population in the 21st century, such as ecological crisis, climate change and the new sanitary crisis. Community gardens contribute to the urban agriculture movement and the requests from citizens for more community gardens has been surging in recent years.

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Q251958 Community_gardening Jardin_communautaire