État

De Remix Biens Communs

Définition(s)

Définitions générales

[modifier]
A state is a polity under a system of governance with a monopoly on force. There is no undisputed definition of a state. A widely used definition from the German sociologist Max Weber is that a "state" is a polity that maintains a monopoly on the legitimate use of violence, although other definitions are not uncommon. A state is not synonymous with a government, as stateless governments like the Iroquois Confederacy exist. Some states are sovereign (known as sovereign states), while others are subject to external sovereignty or hegemony, wherein supreme authority lies in another state. In a federal union, the term "state" is sometimes used to refer to the federated polities that make up the federation. (Other terms that are used in such federal systems may include “province”, “region” or other terms.) In international law, such entities are not considered states, which is a term that relates only to the national entity, commonly referred to as the country or nation. Most of the human population has existed within a state system for millennia; however, for most of prehistory people lived in stateless societies. The earliest forms of states arose about 5,500 years ago in conjunction with rapid growth of cities, invention of writing and codification of new forms of religion. Over time, a variety of different forms developed, employing a variety of justifications for their existence (such as divine right, the theory of the social contract, etc.). Today, the modern nation state is the predominant form of state to which people are subject.

Source : http://dbpedia.org/resource/State_(polity)

External references (Wikipedia)

Reference
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=HcxBBhXjAUcC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=bk-aaMVGKO0C
http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0159-2010102576
https://archive.org/details/artofnotbeinggov0000scot%7Curl-access=registration
https://archive.org/details/democracydictato00bobb%7Curl-access=registration
https://archive.org/details/seeinglikestateh00scot_0%7Curl-access=registration
https://archive.org/details/statepo_xxx_2009_00_4224%7Curl-access=registration
https://archive.org/details/statepo_xxx_2009_00_4224/page/116
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=1QrSKH_Q5M8C&pg=PA90
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=5cYnB3KsqdkC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=7k_gBlYQwOcC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=DG_HMgPYMlMC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=EFmfJlNFEKgC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=EFmfJlNFEKgC&pg=PA331
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=GXz9xHdHeZcC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=Lc_nMFoGcYkC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=PUev30VZ04kC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=Pr8tAAAAYAAJ
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=TG6OQgAACAAJ
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=U5_HatyUydwC&pg=PA41
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=UVv1oS3afmIC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=_MdR_fvPxZoC&pg=PA116
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=_MdR_fvPxZoC&pg=PA48
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=_dJXaqobz4AC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=_fjCczhvWj0C&pg=PA32
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=ayz0kWKhKacC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=cvtYZmiOjT8C
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=eI9xYg7CwiwC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=ejTYwLoZtY4C
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=ic5UOphbKHsC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=lSmU3aXWIAYC&pg=PA1469
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=mh_zAAAAMAAJ
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=nHu8uwrBO6gC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=occGXv3T0ycC&pg=PA3
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=pk9W2W6LCpIC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=q4QwNP_K1pYC&pg=PA520
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=sYgTwHQbNAAC
https://books.google.com/books%3Fid=t3zo8mCl580C
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/locke/index.html


Médias référencés

Objet de commun (1)

Enjeu (3)

Sources

Wikidata : Q7275
DBpedia EN : State_(polity)

Autres langues (Wikipedia)

Staat (afwiki)
Staat (alswiki)
አገር ግዛት (amwiki)
Estau (anwiki)
ܐܬܪܐ (arcwiki)
دولة (arwiki)
دولة (arwikiquote)
دوله (arzwiki)
Estáu (astwiki)
Пачалихъ (avwiki)
دؤولت (azbwiki)
Dövlət (azwiki)
Dövlət (azwikiquote)
Stoot (barwiki)
Valstībė (bat_smgwiki)
Дәүләт (bawiki)
Дзяржава (be_x_oldwiki)
Дзяржава (bewiki)
Държава (bgwiki)
Държава — Държави — Държавност (bgwikiquote)
রাষ্ট্র (bnwiki)
Stad (brwiki)
Država (bswiki)
Улас (bxrwiki)
Estat (política) (cawiki)
Estado (cebwiki)
Пачхьалкх (cewiki)
ᏍᎦᏚᎩ (chrwiki)
دەوڵەت (ckbwiki)
Statu (cowiki)
Państwò (csbwiki)
Stát (cswiki)
Stát (cswikiquote)
Патшалăх (cvwiki)
Gwladwriaeth (cywiki)
Stat (dawiki)
Staat (dewiki)
Staat (dewikiquote)
Dewlete (diqwiki)
Stat (dsbwiki)
Κράτος (elwiki)
Κράτος (elwikiquote)
State (polity) (enwiki)
State (enwikiquote)
Ŝtato (eowiki)
Ŝtato (eowikiquote)
Estado (eswiki)
Estado (política) (eswikiquote)
Riik (etwiki)
Riik (etwikiquote)
Estatu (euwiki)
Estau (extwiki)
دولت (fawiki)
Leydi (ffwiki)
Riik (fiu_vrowiki)
Valtio (fiwiki)
Stoot (frrwiki)
État (frwiki)
Catégorie:État (frwikinews)
État (frwikiquote)
L'État et sa formation (frwikiversity)
Stât (furwiki)
Steat (fywiki)
Stát (polaití) (gawiki)
Léta (gcrwiki)
Estado (glwiki)
Tetã (gnwiki)
Mokuʻāina (hawwiki)
מדינה (hewiki)
State (hifwiki)
राज्य (hiwiki)
Država (hrwiki)
Stat (hsbwiki)
Eta (htwiki)
Állam (huwiki)
Պետություն (hywiki)
Պետություն (hywikiquote)
Stato (iawiki)
Negara (pemerintahan) (idwiki)
Estado (ilowiki)
Паччахьалкхе (inhwiki)
Stato (iowiki)
Ríki (iswiki)
Stato (itwiki)
Stato (itwikiquote)
国家 (jawiki)
国家 (jawikiquote)
Nagara (jvwiki)
Awanak (kabwiki)
სახელმწიფო (kawiki)
Къэрал (kbdwiki)
Kewiyaɣ ɛjaɖɛ (kbpwiki)
Мемлекет (kkwiki)
រដ្ឋ (kmwiki)
ದೇಶ (knwiki)
Канму (koiwiki)
국가 (kowiki)
Кърал (krcwiki)
Şehr (kuwiki)
Dewlet (kuwikiquote)
Канму (kvwiki)
Stat (kwwiki)
Мамлекет (kywiki)
Civitas (lawiki)
Civitas (lawikiquote)
Staat (lbwiki)
Stato (lijwiki)
Staot (liwiki)
Stat (lldwiki)
Stat (lmowiki)
Letá (lnwiki)
ລັດ (lowiki)
Valstybė (ltwiki)
Valstybė (ltwikiquote)
Valsts (lvwiki)
Negara (map_bmswiki)
Кирдемастор (mdfwiki)
Кугыжаныш (mhrwiki)
Држава (mkwiki)
രാഷ്ട്രം (mlwiki)
Улс (mnwiki)
राज्य (mrwiki)
Negara (politik) (mswiki)
Stado (mwlwiki)
Кирдимастор (myvwiki)
Stato (napwiki)
Staot (nds_nlwiki)
Staat (ndswiki)
राज्य (newwiki)
Staat (politiek) (nlwiki)
Categorie:Staat (nlwikinews)
Stat (nnwiki)
Stat (nowiki)
État (nrmwiki)
Estat (ocwiki)
Паддзахад (oswiki)
ਰਾਜ (ਰਾਜ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ) (pawiki)
Staat (pflwiki)
Państwo (plwiki)
Państwo (plwikiquote)
Stat (pmswiki)
ازاد دیس (pnbwiki)
Κράτος (pntwiki)
دولت (pswiki)
Estado (ptwiki)
Estado (ptwikiquote)
Mama llaqta (quwiki)
Stadi (rmwiki)
Stato (rmywiki)
Statu (roa_rupwiki)
Stat (rowiki)
Штат (ruewiki)
Государство (ruwiki)
Государство (ruwikiquote)
Ил (sahwiki)
Statu (scnwiki)
State (scowiki)
رياست (sdwiki)
Država (shwiki)
State (simplewiki)
රාජ්‍යය (ආණ්ඩුක්‍රමය) (siwiki)
Štát (skwiki)
Štát (skwikiquote)
Država (slwiki)
Država (slwikiquote)
Staatâ (smnwiki)
Dowlad (sowiki)
Shteti (sqwiki)
Држава (srwiki)
Nagara (suwiki)
Stat (svwiki)
Dola (swwiki)
Państwo (szlwiki)
அரசு (tawiki)
Давлат (tgwiki)
รัฐ (thwiki)
Estado (tlwiki)
Kantri (tpiwiki)
Devlet (trwiki)
Devlet (trwikiquote)
Tiko (tswiki)
Дәүләт (ttwiki)
Кун (udmwiki)
Держава (ukwiki)
Держава (ukwikiquote)
ریاست (urwiki)
Davlat (uzwiki)
Stato (vecwiki)
Valdkund (vepwiki)
Nhà nước (viwiki)
Estado (warwiki)
Réew (wowiki)
国 (政治) (wuuwiki)
სახენწჷფო (xmfwiki)
מדינה (yiwiki)
Land (zeawiki)
(zh_classicalwiki)
Pang-kok (zh_min_nanwiki)
(zh_yuewiki)
國 (政治實體) (zhwiki)

Q7275 State_(polity)



FR