De Remix Biens Communs
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Médias référencés

Bibliographie des communs

JOURDAIN, Étienne, Emmanuel DUPONT, and Edouard JOURDAIN. Les nouveaux biens communs ?: Réinventer l’Etat et la propriété au XXIe siècle. Aube (De l’), 2022.

Sauvêtre, Pierre. “Quelle politique du commun ?” SociologieS, October 19, 2016. http://sociologies.revues.org/5674.

Tréguer, Félix. “Face à l’automatisation des bureaucraties d’État, l’accommodement ou le refus ?,” 2022. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03412142.

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Concepts voisins



A state is a centralized political organization that imposes and enforces rules over a population within a territory. There is no undisputed definition of a state. One widely used definition comes from the German sociologist Max Weber: a "state" is a polity that maintains a monopoly on the legitimate use of violence, although other definitions are not uncommon. Absence of a state does not preclude the existence of a society, such as stateless societies like the Haudenosaunee Confederacy that "do not have either purely or even primarily political institutions or roles". The level of governance of a state, government being considered to form the fundamental apparatus of contemporary states, is used to determine whether it has failed. In a federal union, the term "state" is sometimes used to refer to the federated polities that make up the federation. (Other terms that are used in such federal systems may include “province”, “region” or other terms.) Most of the human population has existed within a state system for millennia; however, for most of prehistory people lived in stateless societies. The earliest forms of states arose about 5,500 years ago as governments gained state capacity in conjunction with rapid growth of cities, invention of writing and codification of new forms of religion. Over time, a variety of forms of states developed, which used many different justifications for their existence (such as divine right, the theory of the social contract, etc.). Today, the modern nation state is the predominant form of state to which people are subject.

Source : http://dbpedia.org/resource/State_(polity)

Sources externes

Wikidata : Q7275

DBpedia EN : State_(polity)

Autres langues (Wikipedia)

Staat (afwiki)
Staat (alswiki)
አገር ግዛት (amwiki)
Estau (anwiki)
ܐܬܪܐ (arcwiki)
دولة (arwiki)
دولة (arwikiquote)
دولة (arywiki)
دوله (arzwiki)
Estáu (astwiki)
Пачалихъ (avwiki)
دؤولت (azbwiki)
Dövlət (azwiki)
Dövlət (azwikiquote)
Stoot (barwiki)
Valstībė (bat_smgwiki)
Дәүләт (bawiki)
Дзяржава (be_x_oldwiki)
Дзяржава (bewiki)
Държава (bgwiki)
Държава — Държави — Държавност (bgwikiquote)
Nagara (bjnwiki)
রাষ্ট্র (bnwiki)
Stad (brwiki)
Država (bswiki)
Улас (bxrwiki)
Estat (política) (cawiki)
Estado (cebwiki)
Пачхьалкх (cewiki)
ᏍᎦᏚᎩ (chrwiki)
دەوڵەت (ckbwiki)
Statu (cowiki)
Państwò (csbwiki)
Stát (cswiki)
Stát (cswikiquote)
Патшалăх (cvwiki)
Gwladwriaeth (cywiki)
Stat (dawiki)
Staat (dewiki)
Staat (dewikiquote)
Dewlete (diqwiki)
Stat (dsbwiki)
Κράτος (elwiki)
Κράτος (elwikiquote)
State (polity) (enwiki)
State (enwikiquote)
Ŝtato (eowiki)
Ŝtato (eowikiquote)
Estado (eswiki)
Estado (política) (eswikiquote)
Riik (etwiki)
Riik (etwikiquote)
Estatu (euwiki)
Estau (extwiki)
دولت (fawiki)
Leydi (ffwiki)
Riik (fiu_vrowiki)
Valtio (fiwiki)
Stoot (frrwiki)
État (frwiki)
Catégorie:État (frwikinews)
État (frwikiquote)
L'État et sa formation (frwikiversity)
Stât (furwiki)
Steat (fywiki)
Stát (polaití) (gawiki)
Léta (gcrwiki)
Estado (glwiki)
Tetã (gnwiki)
Mokuʻāina (hawwiki)
מדינה (hewiki)
State (hifwiki)
राज्य (hiwiki)
राज्य (hiwikiquote)
Država (hrwiki)
Stat (hsbwiki)
Eta (htwiki)
Állam (huwiki)
Պետություն (hywiki)
Պետություն (hywikiquote)
Stato (iawiki)
Negara (pemerintahan) (idwiki)
Estado (ilowiki)
Паччахьалкхе (inhwiki)
Stato (iowiki)
Ríki (iswiki)
Stato (itwiki)
Stato (itwikiquote)
国家 (jawiki)
国家 (jawikiquote)
Nagara (jvwiki)
Mámleket (kaawiki)
Awanak (kabwiki)
სახელმწიფო (kawiki)
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Мемлекет (kkwiki)
រដ្ឋ (kmwiki)
Канму (koiwiki)
국가 (kowiki)
Кърал (krcwiki)
Dewlet (kuwiki)
Dewlet (kuwikiquote)
Канму (kvwiki)
Stat (kwwiki)
Мамлекет (kywiki)
Civitas (lawiki)
Civitas (lawikiquote)
Staat (lbwiki)
Stato (lijwiki)
Staot (liwiki)
Stat (lldwiki)
Stat (lmowiki)
Letá (lnwiki)
ລັດ (lowiki)
Valstybė (ltwiki)
Valstybė (ltwikiquote)
Valsts (lvwiki)
Negara (map_bmswiki)
Кирдемасторсь (mdfwiki)
Fanjakana (mgwiki)
Кугыжаныш (mhrwiki)
Држава (mkwiki)
രാഷ്ട്രം (mlwiki)
Улс (mnwiki)
राज्य (mrwiki)
Negara (politik) (mswiki)
Stado (mwlwiki)
Кирдимастор (myvwiki)
Stato (napwiki)
Staot (nds_nlwiki)
Staat (ndswiki)
राज्य (newwiki)
Staat (politiek) (nlwiki)
Categorie:Staat (nlwikinews)
Stat (nnwiki)
Stat (nowiki)
État (nrmwiki)
Estat (ocwiki)
Паддзахад (oswiki)
Estado (politica) (papwiki)
ਰਾਜ (ਰਾਜ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ) (pawiki)
Staat (pflwiki)
Państwo (plwiki)
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Stat (pmswiki)
ریاست (pnbwiki)
Κράτος (pntwiki)
دولت (pswiki)
Estado (ptwiki)
Estado (ptwikiquote)
Mama llaqta (quwiki)
Stadi (rmwiki)
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Statu (roa_rupwiki)
Stat (rowiki)
Штат (ruewiki)
Государство (ruwiki)
Государство (ruwikiquote)
Ил (sahwiki)
Statu (scnwiki)
State (scowiki)
رياست (sdwiki)
Država (shwiki)
State (simplewiki)
රාජ්‍යය (ආණ්ඩුක්‍රමය) (siwiki)
Štát (skwiki)
Štát (skwikiquote)
Država (slwiki)
Država (slwikiquote)
Staatâ (smnwiki)
Dowlad (sowiki)
Shteti (sqwiki)
Држава (srwiki)
Држава (srwikiquote)
Nagara (suwiki)
Stat (svwiki)
Dola (swwiki)
Państwo (szlwiki)
அரசு (tawiki)
Давлат (tgwiki)
รัฐ (thwiki)
Estado (tlwiki)
Kantri (tpiwiki)
Devlet (trwiki)
Devlet (trwikiquote)
Tiko (tswiki)
Дәүләт (ttwiki)
Кун (udmwiki)
Держава (ukwiki)
Держава (ukwikiquote)
ریاست (urwiki)
Davlat (uzwiki)
Stato (vecwiki)
Valdkund (vepwiki)
Nhà nước (viwiki)
Estado (warwiki)
Réew (wowiki)
国(政治) (wuuwiki)
სახენწჷფო (xmfwiki)
מדינה (yiwiki)
Land (zeawiki)
ⴰⵡⴰⵏⴽ (zghwiki)
Pang-kok (zh_min_nanwiki)
國 (政治實體) (zhwiki)

Q7275 State_(polity)