Union Européenne

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Définitions générales

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. Its members have a combined area of 4,233,255.3 km2 (1,634,469.0 sq mi) and an estimated total population of about 447 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market; enact legislation in justice and home affairs; and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development. Passport controls have been abolished for travel within the Schengen Area. A monetary union was established in 1999, coming into full force in 2002, and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency. The EU has often been described as a sui generis political entity (without precedent or comparison). The EU and European citizenship were established when the Maastricht Treaty came into force in 1993. The EU traces its origins to the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC), established, respectively, by the 1951 Treaty of Paris and 1957 Treaty of Rome. The original members of what came to be known as the European Communities were the Inner Six: Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany. The Communities and their successors have grown in size by the accession of new member states and in power by the addition of policy areas to their remit. The latest major amendment to the constitutional basis of the EU, the Treaty of Lisbon, came into force in 2009. On 31 January 2020, the United Kingdom became the first member state to leave the EU. Following a 2016 referendum, the UK signified its intention to leave and negotiated a withdrawal agreement. The UK is in a transitional phase until at least 31 December 2020, during which it remains subject to EU law and part of the EU single market and customs union. Before this, three territories of member states had left the EU or its forerunners, these being French Algeria (in 1962, upon independence), Greenland (in 1985, following a referendum) and Saint Barthélemy (in 2012). Containing in 2020 some 5.8% of the world population, the EU (excluding the United Kingdom) had generated a nominal gross domestic product (GDP) of around US$15.5 trillion in 2019, constituting approximately 18% of global nominal GDP. Additionally, all EU countries have a very high Human Development Index according to the United Nations Development Programme. In 2012, the EU was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Through the Common Foreign and Security Policy, the union has developed a role in external relations and defence. It maintains permanent diplomatic missions throughout the world and represents itself at the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G7 and the G20. Due to its global influence, the European Union has been described as an emerging superpower.

Source : http://dbpedia.org/resource/European_Union

Médias référencés

Objet de commun (4)

Enjeu (12)


Wikidata : Q458
DBpedia EN : European_Union

Autres langues (Wikipedia)

Европатәи Аидгыла (abwiki)
Еуро Зэкъотыныгъэ (adywiki)
Europese Unie (afwiki)
Europäische Union (alswiki)
አውሮፓ ህብረት (amwiki)
Europisce Gesamnung (angwiki)
Unión Europea (anwiki)
ܚܘܝܕܐ ܐܘܪܘܦܝܐ (arcwiki)
الاتحاد الأوروبي (arwiki)
تصنيف:الاتحاد الأوروبي (arwikinews)
الاتحاد الأوروپي (arywiki)
اتحاد اوروبى (arzwiki)
Xunión Europea (astwiki)
ইউৰোপিয়ান ইউনিয়ন (aswiki)
Europafa Tanara (avkwiki)
Европаялъул цолъи (avwiki)
اوروپا بیرلیگی (azbwiki)
Avropa İttifaqı (azwiki)
Uni Éropa (banwiki)
Eiropäische Union (barwiki)
Euruopas Sājonga (bat_smgwiki)
Европа берлеге (bawiki)
Union Europea (bclwiki)
Эўрапейскі Зьвяз (be_x_oldwiki)
Еўрапейскі Саюз (bewiki)
Европейски съюз (bgwiki)
यूरोपियन यूनियन (bhwiki)
Eropa Jɛkulu (bmwiki)
ইউরোপীয় ইউনিয়ন (bnwiki)
Unaniezh Europa (brwiki)
Evropska unija (bswiki)
Европын холбоон (bxrwiki)
Unió Europea (cawiki)
Categoria:Unió Europea (cawikinews)
Unión Europea (cbk_zamwiki)
Ĕu-ciŭ Lièng-mèng (cdowiki)
Unyong Uropeyo (cebwiki)
Европин барт (cewiki)
یەکێتیی ئەورووپا (ckbwiki)
European Union (commonswiki)
Unione auropea (cowiki)
Avropa Birligi (crhwiki)
Eùropejskô Ùnijô (csbwiki)
Evropská unie (cswiki)
Kategorie:Evropská unie (cswikinews)
Evropská unie (cswikiquote)
Европа Пĕрлешĕвĕ (cvwiki)
Yr Undeb Ewropeaidd (cywiki)
Den Europæiske Union (dawiki)
Europäische Union (dewiki)
Kategorie:Europäische Union (dewikinews)
Europäische Union (dewikiquote)
Europäische Union (dewikivoyage)
Yewiya Ewropa (diqwiki)
Europska unija (dsbwiki)
युरोपेली संघ (dtywiki)
Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση (elwiki)
Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση (elwikivoyage)
European Union (enwiki)
Pinyin/EU (enwikibooks)
Category:European Union (enwikinews)
European Union (enwikiquote)
European Union (enwikivoyage)
Eŭropa Unio (eowiki)
Kategorio:Eŭropa Unio (eowikinews)
Eŭropa Unio (eowikiquote)
Eŭropa Unio (eowikivoyage)
Unión Europea (eswiki)
Categoría:Unión Europea (eswikinews)
Unión Europea (eswikiquote)
Unión Europea (eswikivoyage)
Euroopa Liit (etwiki)
Euroopa Liit (etwikiquote)
Europar Batasuna (euwiki)
Unión Uropea (extwiki)
اتحادیه اروپا (fawiki)
رده:اتحادیه اروپا (fawikinews)
اتحادیه اروپا (fawikiquote)
Õuruupa Liit (fiu_vrowiki)
Euroopan unioni (fiwiki)
Luokka:Euroopan unioni (fiwikinews)
Euroopan unioni (fiwikiquote)
Euroopan unioni (fiwikivoyage)
Evropeiska Samveldið (fowiki)
Union eropèèna (frpwiki)
Europäisch Unjoon (frrwiki)
Union européenne (frwiki)
Catégorie:Union européenne (frwikinews)
Union européenne (frwikiquote)
Union européenne (frwikiversity)
Union européenne (frwikivoyage)
Union Europeane (furwiki)
Jeropeeske Uny (fywiki)
Evropa Birlii (gagwiki)
An tAontas Eorpach (gawiki)
Linyon éropéyen (gcrwiki)
An t-Aonadh Eòrpach (gdwiki)
Unión Europea (glwiki)
𐌰𐌹𐍅𐍂𐍉𐍀𐌹𐍃𐌺𐌰 𐌿𐌽𐌾𐍉 (gotwiki)
Yn Unnaneys Oarpagh (gvwiki)
Êu-chû Lièn-mèn (hakwiki)
Tarayyar Turai (hawiki)
ʻUnionlelo ʻEulopa (hawwiki)
האיחוד האירופי (hewiki)
קטגוריה:האיחוד האירופי (hewikinews)
האיחוד האירופי (hewikivoyage)
European Union (hifwiki)
यूरोपीय संघ (hiwiki)
Europska unija (hrwiki)
Europska unija (hsbwiki)
Inyon Ewopeyèn (htwiki)
Európai Unió (huwiki)
Kategória:Európai Unió (huwikinews)
Եվրոպական միություն (hywiki)
Եւրոպական Միութիւն (hywwiki)
Union Europee (iawiki)
Uni Eropa (idwiki)
Europan Union (iewiki)
Kappon ti Europa (ilowiki)
Europana Uniono (iowiki)
Evrópusambandið (iswiki)
Unione europea (itwiki)
Categoria:Unione Europea (itwikinews)
Unione europea (itwikiquote)
Autore:Unione europea (itwikisource)
Unione europea (itwikivoyage)
Yuropiyan Yuunian (jamwiki)
欧州連合 (jawiki)
ropno gunma (jbowiki)
Uni Éropah (jvwiki)
Tadukli Tuṛufit (kabwiki)
ევროკავშირი (kawiki)
UE ŋgbɛyɛ (kbpwiki)
Еуропа одағы (kkwiki)
EU (klwiki)
សហភាពអឺរ៉ុប (kmwiki)
ಯುರೋಪಿನ ಒಕ್ಕೂಟ (knwiki)
Ӧтласа Европа (koiwiki)
유럽 연합 (kowiki)
분류:유럽 연합 (kowikinews)
Европа бирлик (krcwiki)
Yekîtiya Ewropayê (kuwiki)
Европаса Союз (kvwiki)
Unyans Europek (kwwiki)
Европа биримдиги (kywiki)
Union Evropea (ladwiki)
Unio Europaea (lawiki)
Europäesch Unioun (lbwiki)
Европадин ГалкӀ (lezwiki)
Uni European (lfnwiki)
Union Europea (lijwiki)
Europese Unie (liwiki)
Categorie:Europese Unie (liwikinews)
Union europea (lldwiki)
Üniun Eurupea (lmowiki)
Lisangá lya Erópa (lnwiki)
Europos Sąjunga (ltwiki)
Europos Sąjunga (ltwikiquote)
Eiropas Savienība (lvwiki)
युरोपेली सङ्घ (maiwiki)
Uni Eropa (map_bmswiki)
Явропонь Соткс (mdfwiki)
Vondrona Eorôpeana (mgwiki)
Европа Ушем (mhrwiki)
Kotahitanga o Ūropi (miwiki)
Европска Унија (mkwiki)
യൂറോപ്യൻ യൂണിയൻ (mlwiki)
Европын Холбоо (mnwiki)
युरोपियन संघ (mrwiki)
Kesatuan Eropah (mswiki)
Unjoni Ewropea (mtwiki)
Ounion Ouropeia (mwlwiki)
Европань Вейсэндявкс (myvwiki)
ဥရောပ သမဂ္ဂ (mywiki)
اروپای اتحادیه (mznwiki)
Aunione europea (napwiki)
Europeeske Uny (nds_nlwiki)
Europääsche Union (ndswiki)
युरोपेली सङ्घ (newiki)
युरोपियन युनियन (newwiki)
Europese Unie (nlwiki)
Atlas van Europa/Europese Unie (nlwikibooks)
Categorie:Europese Unie (nlwikinews)
Den europeiske unionen (nnwiki)
Europan Unione (novwiki)
Den europeiske union (nowiki)
Kategori:EU (nowikinews)
Unnion Ûropéenne (nrmwiki)
European Union (nywiki)
Union Europèa (ocwiki)
Jevroupan unioni (olowiki)
Европæйы Цæдис (oswiki)
Union Oropeo (papwiki)
ਯੂਰਪੀ ਸੰਘ (pawiki)
Union uropéyine (pcdwiki)
Eiropeeische Union (pdcwiki)
Unia Europejska (plwiki)
Kategoria:Unia Europejska (plwikinews)
Unia Europejska (plwikiquote)
Unia Europejska (plwikivoyage)
Union Europenga (pmswiki)
یورپی یونین (pnbwiki)
Ευρωπαϊκόν Σύνδεσμον (pntwiki)
اروپایي ټولنه (pswiki)
União Europeia (ptwiki)
Categoria:União Europeia (ptwikinews)
União Europeia (ptwikivoyage)
Iwrupa Huñu (quwiki)
Uniun europeica (rmwiki)
Europikano Ekipen (rmywiki)
Uniunea Europeană (roa_rupwiki)
Aunìone europèe (roa_tarawiki)
Uniunea Europeană (rowiki)
Categorie:Uniunea Europeană (rowikinews)
Uniunea Europeană (rowikivoyage)
Европска унія (ruewiki)
Европейский союз (ruwiki)
Категория:Европейский союз (ruwikinews)
Umuryango w’Ubumwe bw’Ibihugu by’i Burayi (rwwiki)
Европа Сойууһа (sahwiki)
Unioni Europea (scnwiki)
European Union (scowiki)
Unione Europea (scwiki)
يورپي اتحاد (sdwiki)
Eurohpá uniovdna (sewiki)
ၸုမ်းၽွမ်ႉႁူမ်ႈ ယူးရူပ်ႉ (shnwiki)
Evropska unija (shwiki)
European Union (simplewiki)
යුරෝපියානු සංගමය (siwiki)
Európska únia (skwiki)
Evropska unija (slwiki)
Evropska unija (slwikiquote)
Euroop union (smnwiki)
Iuni a Europa (smwiki)
Midowga Yurub (sowiki)
Bashkimi Evropian (sqwiki)
Kategoria:Bashkimi Evropian (sqwikinews)
Европска унија (srwiki)
Категорија:Европска унија (srwikinews)
Europäiske Union (stqwiki)
Uni Éropa (suwiki)
Europeiska unionen (svwiki)
Kategori:EU (svwikinews)
Europeiska unionen (svwikiquote)
Umoja wa Ulaya (swwiki)
Ojropejsko Uńijo (szlwiki)
ஐரோப்பிய ஒன்றியம் (tawiki)
பகுப்பு:ஐரோப்பிய ஒன்றியம் (tawikinews)
Uniaun Europeia (tetwiki)
ఐరోపా సమాఖ్య (tewiki)
Иттиҳоди Аврупо (tgwiki)
สหภาพยุโรป (thwiki)
Unyong Europeo (tlwiki)
Avrupa Birliği (trwiki)
Kategori:Avrupa Birliği (trwikinews)
Avrupa Birliği (trwikiquote)
Nhlangono wa matiko ya Yuropa (tswiki)
Аурупа берлеге (ttwiki)
Европа союз (udmwiki)
ياۋروپا ئىتتىپاقى (ugwiki)
Європейський Союз (ukwiki)
Категорія:Європейський Союз (ukwikinews)
Європейський Союз (ukwikiquote)
یورپی اتحاد (urwiki)
Yevropa Ittifoqi (uzwiki)
Union Eoropea (vecwiki)
Evropan Ühtištuz (vepwiki)
Liên minh châu Âu (viwiki)
Europese Unie (vlswiki)
Balatam Yuropik (vowiki)
Unyon Europea (warwiki)
Union Uropeyinne (wawiki)
欧洲联盟 (wuuwiki)
ევროპაშ რსხუ (xmfwiki)
אייראפעאישער פאראיין (yiwiki)
Ìṣọ̀kan Europe (yowiki)
Europese Unie (zeawiki)
歐羅巴聯盟 (zh_classicalwiki)
Au-chiu Liân-bêng (zh_min_nanwiki)
歐洲聯盟 (zh_yuewiki)
欧洲联盟 (zhwiki)
Category:歐盟 (zhwikinews)
欧洲联盟 (zhwikiquote)
欧盟 (zhwikivoyage)

Q458 European_Union