Justice sociale

De Remix Biens Communs


Définitions générales

Social justice is the relation of balance between individuals and society measured by comparing distribution of wealth differences, from personal liberties to fair privilege opportunities. In Western as well as in older Asian cultures, the concept of social justice has often referred to the process of ensuring that individuals fulfill their societal roles and receive what was their due from society. In the current global grassroots movements for social justice, the emphasis has been on the breaking of barriers for social mobility, the creation of safety nets and economic justice. Social justice assigns rights and duties in the institutions of society, which enables people to receive the basic benefits and burdens of cooperation. The relevant institutions often include taxation, social insurance, public health, public school, public services, labor law and regulation of markets, to ensure fair distribution of wealth, and equal opportunity. Interpretations that relate justice to a reciprocal relationship to society are mediated by differences in cultural traditions, some of which emphasize the individual responsibility toward society and others the equilibrium between access to power and its responsible use. Hence, social justice is invoked today while reinterpreting historical figures such as Bartolomé de las Casas, in philosophical debates about differences among human beings, in efforts for gender, ethnic, and social equality, for advocating justice for migrants, prisoners, the environment, and the physically and developmentally disabled. While concepts of social justice can be found in classical and Christian philosophical sources, from Plato and Aristotle to Augustine of Hippo and Thomas Aquinas, the term “social justice” finds its earliest uses in the late 18th century—albeit with unclear theoretical or practical meanings. Thus the use of the term was early on subject to accusations of redundancy—are not all claims of justice “social”? – and of rhetorical flourish, perhaps, but not necessarily, related to amplifying one view of distributive justice. In the coining and definition of the term in the natural law social scientific treatise of Luigi Taparelli, SJ, in the early 1840’s, Taparelli established the natural law principle that corresponded to the evangelical principle of brotherly love—i.e. social justice reflects the duty one has to one’s other self in the interdependent abstract unity of the human person in society. After the Revolutions of 1848 the term was popularized generically through the writings of Antonio Rosmini-Serbati. In the late industrial revolution, progressive American legal scholars began to use the term more, particularly Louis Brandeis and Roscoe Pound. From the early 20th century it was also embedded in international law and institutions; the preamble to establish the International Labour Organization recalled that "universal and lasting peace can be established only if it is based upon social justice." In the later 20th century, social justice was made central to the philosophy of the social contract, primarily by John Rawls in A Theory of Justice (1971). In 1993, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action treats social justice as a purpose of human rights education.

Source : http://dbpedia.org/resource/Social_justice

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Wikidata : Q264892
DBpedia EN : Social_justice
P2P Foundation : Social+justice

Autres langues (Wikipedia)

عدالة اجتماعية (arwiki)
Sosial ədalət (azwiki)
Социална справедливост (bgwiki)
Justícia social (cawiki)
Sociální spravedlnost (cswiki)
Rovnost (cswikiquote)
Cyfiawnder cymdeithasol (cywiki)
Soziale Gerechtigkeit (dewiki)
Gleichheit (dewikiquote)
Κοινωνική δικαιοσύνη (elwiki)
Social justice (enwiki)
Social justice (enwikiquote)
Socia justeco (eowiki)
Justicia social (eswiki)
Sotsiaalne õiglus (etwiki)
Justizia sozial (euwiki)
عدالت اجتماعی (fawiki)
Justice sociale (frwiki)
Justice sociale (frwikiquote)
Xustiza social (glwiki)
સામાજિક ન્યાય (guwiki)
צדק חברתי (hewiki)
सामाजिक न्याय (hiwiki)
Socijalna pravda (hrwiki)
Társadalmi igazságosság (huwiki)
Keadilan sosial (idwiki)
社会正義 (jawiki)
სოციალური სამართლიანობა (kawiki)
사회 정의 (kowiki)
Iustitia socialis (lawiki)
Giustizia sociala (lmowiki)
Socialinis teisingumas (ltwiki)
सामाजिक न्याय (mrwiki)
Keadilan sosial (mswiki)
Sociale rechtvaardigheid (nlwiki)
Sosial rettferdighet (nowiki)
ਸਮਾਜਕ ਨਿਆਂ (pawiki)
سماجی انصاف (pnbwiki)
Justiça social (ptwiki)
Социальная справедливость (ruwiki)
Socijalna pravda (shwiki)
Social justice (simplewiki)
Rovnosť (skwikiquote)
Социјална правда (srwiki)
சமூக நீதி (tawiki)
సామాజిక న్యాయం (tewiki)
Адолати иҷтимоӣ (tgwiki)
Sosyal adalet (trwiki)
Соціальна справедливість (ukwiki)
Công bằng xã hội (viwiki)
Siā-hōe chèng-gī (zh_min_nanwiki)
社會正義 (zhwiki)

Q264892 Social_justice