Démocratie

De Remix Biens Communs

Définition(s)

Définitions générales

[modifier]
Democracy (Greek: δημοκρατία, dēmokratiā, from dēmos 'people' and kratos 'rule') refers to a form of government in which the people either have the authority to choose their governing legislators, or the authority to decide on legislation. Who is considered part of the people and how authority is shared among or delegated by the people has changed over time and at different speeds in different countries, but more and more of the inhabitants of countries have generally been included. Cornerstones of democracy include freedom of assembly and speech, inclusiveness and equality, membership, consent, voting, right to life and minority rights. The notion of democracy has evolved over time considerably. The original form of democracy was a direct democracy, in which the people directly deliberate and decide on legislation. The most common form of democracy today is a representative democracy, where the people elect representatives to deliberate and decide on legislation, such as in parliamentary or presidential democracy. Prevalent day-to-day decision making of democracies is the majority rule, though other decision making approaches like supermajority and consensus have also been integral to democracies. They serve the crucial purpose of inclusiveness and broader legitimacy on sensitive issues, counterbalancing majoritarianism, and therefore mostly take precedence on a constitutional level. In the common variant of liberal democracy, the powers of the majority are exercised within the framework of a representative democracy, but the constitution limits the majority and protects the minority, usually through the enjoyment by all of certain individual rights, e.g. freedom of speech, or freedom of association. The term appeared in the 5th century BC to denote the political systems then existing in Greek city-states, notably Classical Athens, to mean "rule of the people", in contrast to aristocracy (ἀριστοκρατία, aristokratía), meaning "rule of an elite". Western democracy, as distinct from that which existed in antiquity, is generally considered to have originated in city-states such as those in Classical Athens and the Roman Republic, where various schemes and degrees of enfranchisement of the free male population were observed before the form disappeared in the West at the beginning of late antiquity. In virtually all democratic governments throughout ancient and modern history, democratic citizenship consisted of an elite class, until full enfranchisement was won for all adult citizens in most modern democracies through the suffrage movements of the 19th and 20th centuries. Democracy contrasts with forms of government where power is either held by an individual, as in autocratic systems like absolute monarchy, or where power is held by a small number of individuals, as in an oligarchy; oppositions inherited from ancient Greek philosophy. Karl Popper defined democracy in contrast to dictatorship or tyranny, focusing on opportunities for the people to control their leaders and to oust them without the need for a revolution.

Source : http://dbpedia.org/resource/Democracy


Médias référencés

Enjeu (14)

Type d'action (1)

Résultat attendu (19)

Sources

Wikidata : Q7174
DBpedia EN : Democracy

Autres langues (Wikipedia)

Demokrasie (afwiki)
Demokratie (alswiki)
ዴሞክራሲ (amwiki)
Democracia (anwiki)
ديمقراطية (arwiki)
ديمقراطية (arwikiquote)
ديمقراطية (arywiki)
ديموقراطيه (arzwiki)
Democracia (astwiki)
গণতন্ত্ৰ (aswiki)
دئموکراسی (azbwiki)
Demokratiya (azwiki)
Demokratiya (azwikiquote)
Demokratie (barwiki)
Demuokratėjė (bat_smgwiki)
Демократия (bawiki)
Дэмакратыя (be_x_oldwiki)
Дэмакратыя (bewiki)
Демокрация (bgwiki)
Демокрация — Демократичност (bgwikiquote)
लोकतंत्र (bhwiki)
গণতন্ত্র (bnwiki)
গণতন্ত্র (bpywiki)
Demokratelezh (brwiki)
Demokratelezh (brwikiquote)
Demokratija (bswiki)
Арадшалал (bxrwiki)
Democràcia (cawiki)
Democràcia (cawikiquote)
Mìng-ciō (cdowiki)
Demokrasya (cebwiki)
Демократи (cewiki)
دیموکراسی (ckbwiki)
Demokratiya (crhwiki)
Demokracie (cswiki)
Demokracie (cswikiquote)
Демократи (cvwiki)
Democratiaeth (cywiki)
Demokrati (dawiki)
Demokrati (dawikiquote)
Demokratie (dewiki)
Demokratie (dewikiquote)
Demokratie (dewikisource)
Agɛmkɔckedhiɛ (dinwiki)
Demokrasiye (diqwiki)
ޑިމޮކްރަސީ (dvwiki)
Δημοκρατία (elwiki)
Δημοκρατία (elwikiquote)
Democracy (enwiki)
Category:Democracy (enwikinews)
Democracy (enwikiquote)
Demokratio (eowiki)
Demokratio (eowikiquote)
Democracia (eswiki)
Categoría:Democracia y elecciones (eswikinews)
Democracia (eswikiquote)
Demokraatia (etwiki)
Demokraatia (etwikiquote)
Demokrazia (euwiki)
Demokrazia (euwikiquote)
دموکراسی (fawiki)
دموکراسی (fawikiquote)
Demokraatia (fiu_vrowiki)
Demokratia (fiwiki)
Demokratia (fiwikiquote)
Fólkaræði (fowiki)
Démocratie (frwiki)
Démocratie (frwikiquote)
Demokrasy (fywiki)
Daonlathas (gawiki)
Démokrasi (gcrwiki)
Deamocrasaidh (gdwiki)
Democracia (glwiki)
Democracia (glwikiquote)
Jekopytyjoja (gnwiki)
લોકશાહી (guwiki)
Mìn-tsú Tsú-ngi (hakwiki)
Dimokaraɗiyya (hawiki)
דמוקרטיה (hewiki)
דמוקרטיה (hewikiquote)
Prajatantr (hifwiki)
लोकतंत्र (hiwiki)
Demokracija (hrwiki)
Demokracija (hrwikiquote)
Demokrasi (htwiki)
Demokrácia (politikai rendszer) (huwiki)
Ժողովրդավարություն (hywiki)
Democratia (iawiki)
Demokrasi (idwiki)
Democratie (iewiki)
Demokrasia (ilowiki)
Demokratio (iowiki)
Lýðræði (iswiki)
Democrazia (itwiki)
Democrazia (itwikiquote)
Dimakrasi (jamwiki)
民主主義 (jawiki)
民主主義 (jawikiquote)
roltrusi'o (jbowiki)
Dhémokrasi (jvwiki)
დემოკრატია (kawiki)
Temokraasii (kbpwiki)
Dimokalasi (kgwiki)
Ndemookirathĩ (kiwiki)
Демократия (kkwiki)
Demokrati (klwiki)
ប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ (kmwiki)
ಪ್ರಜಾಪ್ರಭುತ್ವ (knwiki)
민주주의 (kowiki)
민주주의 (kowikiquote)
Демократия (krcwiki)
Demokratie (kshwiki)
Demokrasî (kuwiki)
Gwerinieth (kwwiki)
Демократия (kywiki)
Democratia (lawiki)
Demokratie (lbwiki)
Демократия (lezwiki)
Democratia (lfnwiki)
Democraçia (lijwiki)
Democratie (liwiki)
Democrazia (lmowiki)
Demokrasi (lnwiki)
ລະບອບປະຊາທິປະໄຕ (lowiki)
Demokratija (ltwiki)
Demokratija (ltwikiquote)
Demokrātija (lvwiki)
लोकतन्त्र (maiwiki)
Demôkrasia (mgwiki)
Демократий (mhrwiki)
Демократија (mkwiki)
ജനാധിപത്യം (mlwiki)
Ардчилал (mnwiki)
ဒဳမဝ်ကရေသဳ (mnwwiki)
लोकशाही (mrwiki)
Demokrasi (mswiki)
Democracie (mwlwiki)
ဒီမိုကရေစီ (mywiki)
دموکراسی (mznwiki)
Tlācatēpacholiztli (nahwiki)
Demokratie (ndswiki)
लोकतन्त्र (newiki)
लोकतन्त्र (newwiki)
Democratie (nlwiki)
Categorie:Democratie (nlwikinews)
Democratie (nlwikiquote)
Folkestyre (nnwiki)
Demokrati (nnwikiquote)
Demokrati (nowiki)
Temokrasi (nsowiki)
Demokilase (nywiki)
Democracia (ocwiki)
Rahvahanvaldu (olowiki)
Dimookiraasii (omwiki)
Demokrasia (papwiki)
ਲੋਕਰਾਜ (pawiki)
Demokratie (pflwiki)
Demokracja (plwiki)
Demokracja (plwikiquote)
Democrassìa (pmswiki)
لوک راج (pnbwiki)
ولسواکي (pswiki)
Democracia (ptwiki)
Categoria:Democracia (ptwikinews)
Democracia (ptwikiquote)
Llaqta kallpay (quwiki)
Democrazia (rmwiki)
Democrație (rowiki)
Democrație (rowikiquote)
Демокрація (ruewiki)
Демократия (ruwiki)
Категория:Демократия (ruwikinews)
Демократия (ruwikiquote)
Демократия (sahwiki)
प्रजातन्त्रम् (sawiki)
Dimucrazzìa (scnwiki)
Democracy (scowiki)
Democratzia (scwiki)
جمھوريت (sdwiki)
တီႇမူဝ်ႇၶရေႇသီႇ (shnwiki)
Demokracija (shwiki)
Democracy (simplewiki)
ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදය (siwiki)
Demokracia (skwiki)
Demokracia (skwikiquote)
Demokracija (slwiki)
Demokracija (slwikiquote)
Gutsaruzhinji (snwiki)
Dimoqraadi (sowiki)
Demokracia (sqwiki)
Демократија (srwiki)
Демократија (srwikiquote)
Demokratie (stqwiki)
Démokrasi (suwiki)
Demokrati (svwiki)
Demokrati (svwikinews)
Demokrati (svwikiquote)
Demokrasia (swwiki)
மக்களாட்சி (tawiki)
மக்களாட்சி (tawikiquote)
ప్రజాస్వామ్యం (tewiki)
ప్రజాస్వామ్యం (tewikiquote)
Мардумсолорӣ (tgwiki)
ประชาธิปไตย (thwiki)
ประชาธิปไตย (thwikiquote)
ዲሞክራሲ (tiwiki)
Demokratiýa (tkwiki)
Demokrasya (tlwiki)
Demokrasi (trwiki)
Demokrasi (trwikiquote)
Demokhrasi (tswiki)
Демократия (ttwiki)
Демократия (tyvwiki)
Демократія (ukwiki)
Демократія (ukwikiquote)
جمہوریت (urwiki)
Demokratiya (uzwiki)
Democrasia (vecwiki)
Dân chủ (viwiki)
Demokrasya (warwiki)
民主 (wuuwiki)
I-Democracy (xhwiki)
დემოკრატია (xmfwiki)
דעמאקראטיע (yiwiki)
Òṣèlú (yowiki)
Minzcuj (zawiki)
民主 (zh_classicalwiki)
Bîn-chú (zh_min_nanwiki)
民主 (zh_yuewiki)
民主 (zhwiki)
民主 (zhwikiquote)

Q7174 Democracy



FR