Santé publique

De Remix Biens Communs

Définition(s)

Définitions générales

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Public health refers to "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals." It is concerned with threats to health based on population health analysis. The population in question can be as small as a handful of people, or as large as all the inhabitants of several continents (for instance, in the case of a pandemic). The dimensions of health can encompass "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity", as defined by the United Nations' World Health Organization. Public health incorporates the interdisciplinary approaches of epidemiology, biostatistics and health services. Environmental health, community health, behavioral health, health economics, public policy, insurance medicine, mental health and occupational safety and health are other important subfields. The focus of public health intervention is to improve health and quality of life through prevention and treatment of disease and other physical and mental health conditions. This is done through surveillance of cases and health indicators, and through promotion of healthy behaviors. Examples of common public health measures include promotion of hand washing, breastfeeding, delivery of vaccinations, and distribution of condoms to control the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. Modern public health practice requires multidisciplinary teams of public health workers and professionals including physicians specializing in public health/community medicine/infectious disease, psychologists, epidemiologists, biostatisticians, medical assistants or Assistant Medical Officers, public health nurses, midwives, medical microbiologists, environmental health officers / public health inspectors, pharmacists, dentists, dietitians and nutritionists, veterinarians, public health engineers, public health lawyers, sociologists, community development workers, communications experts, bioethicists, computer scientists/informaticians, and others. There is a great disparity in access to health care and public health initiatives between developed nations and developing nations. In the developing world, public health infrastructures are still forming.

Source : http://dbpedia.org/resource/Public_health


Médias référencés

Objet de commun (2)

Enjeu (1)

Sources

Wikidata : Q189603
DBpedia EN : Public_health

Autres langues (Wikipedia)

Openbare gesondheid (afwiki)
صحة عمومية (arwiki)
Salú pública (astwiki)
Обществено здравеопазване (bgwiki)
জনস্বাস্থ্য (bnwiki)
Javno zdravstvo (bswiki)
Salut pública (cawiki)
Veřejné zdraví (cswiki)
Folkesundhedsvidenskab (dawiki)
Public Health (dewiki)
Δημόσια Υγεία (elwiki)
Public health (enwiki)
Publika sano (eowiki)
Salud pública (eswiki)
Osasun publiko (euwiki)
بهداشت عمومی (fawiki)
Kansanterveys (fiwiki)
Santé publique (frwiki)
Département:Santé publique et pathologie professionnelle (frwikiversity)
Míochaine phobail (gawiki)
Saúde pública (glwiki)
בריאות הציבור (hewiki)
जनस्वास्थ्य (hiwiki)
Zdravstvo (hrwiki)
Հանրային առողջապահություն (hywiki)
Kesehatan masyarakat (idwiki)
Lýðheilsufræði (iswiki)
公衆衛生 (jawiki)
공중보건 (kowiki)
Социалдык гигиена (kywiki)
Salus publica (lawiki)
Kesihatan awam (mswiki)
ပြည်သူ့ကျန်းမာရေး (mywiki)
Volksgezondheid (nlwiki)
Folkehelse (nowiki)
Zdrowie publiczne (plwiki)
Saúde pública (ptwiki)
Социальная гигиена и организация здравоохранения (ruwiki)
Álbmotdearvvašvuohta (sewiki)
Zdravstvo (shwiki)
Public health (simplewiki)
මහජන සෞඛ්‍යය (siwiki)
Javno zdravje (slwiki)
Shëndeti publik (sqwiki)
Јавно здравље (srwiki)
Folkhälsa (svwiki)
பொது உடல்நலவியல் (tawiki)
ప్రజారోగ్యం (tewiki)
สาธารณสุข (thwiki)
Kalusugang pampubliko (tlwiki)
Halk sağlığı (trwiki)
Халык сәламәтлелеге (ttwiki)
Громадське здоров'я (ukwiki)
عوامی صحت (urwiki)
Y tế công cộng (viwiki)
卫生 (wuuwiki)
Kong-kiōng ōe-seng (zh_min_nanwiki)
公共衞生 (zh_yuewiki)
公共卫生 (zhwiki)

Q189603 Public_health



FR