Santé publique

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Révision datée du 20 mai 2020 à 18:09 par Fred (discussion | contributions)
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Définitions générales

Public health has been defined as "the science and art of preventing disease”, prolonging life and improving quality of life through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals. Analyzing the determinants of health of a population and the threats it faces is the basis for public health. The public can be as small as a handful of people or as large as a village or an entire city; in the case of a pandemic it may encompass several continents. The concept of health takes into account physical, psychological, and social well-being. As such, according to the World Health Organization, it is not merely the absence of disease or infirmity and more recently, a resource for everyday living. Public health is an interdisciplinary field. For example, epidemiology, biostatistics, social sciences and management of health services are all relevant. Other important subfields include environmental health, community health, behavioral health, health economics, public policy, mental health, health education, occupational safety, disability, gender issues in health, and sexual and reproductive health. Public health aims to improve the quality of life through prevention and treatment of disease, including mental health. This is done through the surveillance of cases and health indicators, and through the promotion of healthy behaviors. Common public health initiatives include promotion of handwashing and breastfeeding, delivery of vaccinations, suicide prevention, smoking cessation, obesity education, increasing healthcare accessibility and distribution of condoms to control the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. Modern public health practice requires multidisciplinary teams of public health workers and professionals. Teams might include epidemiologists, biostatisticians, physician assistants, public health nurses, midwives, medical microbiologists, economists, sociologists, geneticists, data managers, and physicians. Depending on the need, environmental health officers or public health inspectors, bioethicists, and even veterinarians, gender experts, or sexual and reproductive health specialists might be called on. Like in other nations, access to health care and public health initiatives are difficult challenges in developing countries. Public health infrastructures are still forming in those countries.

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Wikidata : Q189603
DBpedia EN : Public_health

Autres langues (Wikipedia)

Openbare gesondheid (afwiki)
صحة عمومية (arwiki)
Salú pública (astwiki)
Обществено здравеопазване (bgwiki)
জনস্বাস্থ্য (bnwiki)
Javno zdravstvo (bswiki)
Salut pública (cawiki)
Veřejné zdraví (cswiki)
Folkesundhedsvidenskab (dawiki)
Public Health (dewiki)
Δημόσια Υγεία (elwiki)
Public health (enwiki)
Publika sano (eowiki)
Salud pública (eswiki)
Rahvatervis (etwikiquote)
Osasun publiko (euwiki)
بهداشت عمومی (fawiki)
Kansanterveys (fiwiki)
Santé publique (frwiki)
Département:Santé publique et pathologie professionnelle (frwikiversity)
Míochaine phobail (gawiki)
Saúde pública (glwiki)
בריאות הציבור (hewiki)
जनस्वास्थ्य (hiwiki)
Zdravstvo (hrwiki)
Հանրային առողջապահություն (hywiki)
Kesehatan masyarakat (idwiki)
Lýðheilsufræði (iswiki)
公衆衛生 (jawiki)
공중보건 (kowiki)
Социалдык гигиена (kywiki)
Salus publica (lawiki)
Kesihatan awam (mswiki)
ပြည်သူ့ကျန်းမာရေး (mywiki)
Volksgezondheid (nlwiki)
Folkehelse (nowiki)
Zdrowie publiczne (plwiki)
عوامی صحت (pnbwiki)
Saúde pública (ptwiki)
Социальная гигиена и организация здравоохранения (ruwiki)
Álbmotdearvvašvuohta (sewiki)
Zdravstvo (shwiki)
Public health (simplewiki)
මහජන සෞඛ්‍යය (siwiki)
Javno zdravje (slwiki)
Shëndeti publik (sqwiki)
Јавно здравље (srwiki)
Folkhälsa (svwiki)
பொது உடல்நலவியல் (tawiki)
ప్రజారోగ్యం (tewiki)
สาธารณสุข (thwiki)
Kalusugang pampubliko (tlwiki)
Halk sağlığı (trwiki)
Халык сәламәтлелеге (ttwiki)
Громадське здоров'я (ukwiki)
عوامی صحت (urwiki)
Y tế công cộng (viwiki)
卫生 (wuuwiki)
Kong-kiōng ōe-seng (zh_min_nanwiki)
公共衞生 (zh_yuewiki)
公共卫生 (zhwiki)

Q189603 Public_health