Enclosure

De Remix Biens Communs

Définition(s)

Source : HESS Charlotte(2008). Mapping the New Commons. SSRN Scholarly Paper, ID 1356835. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network.
URL : [http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=1356835 http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=1356835]

Enclosure of commons - the gradual and sudden decrease of accessibility of a particular resource Reasons for enclosure - increased scarcity through over consumption brought from new populations, natural disaster, neglect Enclosure is visible where new technologies have created the ability to capture recently uncapturable goods (or when informational technologies expand copyright and definition of what is patentable through new legislation, enable enclosure of previously openly accessible areas of information

Définitions générales

[modifier]
Enclosure ou inclosure est un terme anglais qui désigne l'action d'enclore un champ. Cet anglicisme est passé en français où il désigne la parcelle de terrain enclose de haies, de murs ou de barrières. Ce terme fait souvent référence à un mouvement né en Grande-Bretagne aux débuts de la révolution industrielle. Les Français utilisaient plutôt le mot renclôture.

Source : http://fr.dbpedia.org/resource/Enclosure

Catégories (Wikipedia)

Agriculture
Capitalisme
Géographie rurale

'Enclosure' or 'Inclosure' is a term, used in English landownership, that refers to the appropriation of "waste" or "common land" enclosing it and by doing so depriving commoners of their ancient rights of access and privilege. Agreements to enclose land could be either through a "formal" or "informal" process. The process could normally be accomplished in three ways. First there was the creation of "closes", taken out of larger common fields by their owners. Secondly, there was enclosure by proprietors, owners who acted together, usually small farmers or squires, leading to the enclosure of whole parishes. Finally there were enclosures’ by Acts of Parliament. The primary reason for enclosure was to improve the efficiency of the agriculture. However, there were other motives too, one example being that the value of the land enclosed would be substantially increased. There were social consequences to the policy, with many protests at the removal of rights from the common people. Enclosure riots are seen by historians as 'the pre-eminent form' of social protest from the 1530s to 1640s.

Source : http://dbpedia.org/resource/Enclosure


Médias référencés

Enjeu (21)

Sources

Wikidata : Q792164
DBpedia FR : Enclosure
DBpedia EN : Enclosure
P2P Foundation : Enclosure

Autres langues (Wikipedia)

تسييج (arwiki)
Cercamientu (astwiki)
Çəpərləmə (azwiki)
Enclosure (cawiki)
Ohrazování (cswiki)
Enclosure (dawiki)
Enclosure Movement (dewiki)
Enclosure (enwiki)
Enclosure (enwikiquote)
Ĉirkaŭbaro (eowiki)
Cercamiento (eswiki)
Tarastamine (etwiki)
Enclosure (frwiki)
גידור (המשפט המקובל) (hewiki)
Bekerítések (huwiki)
Enclosures (itwiki)
囲い込み (jawiki)
인클로저 (kowiki)
Enclosure (nlwiki)
Enclosure movement (nnwiki)
Ogradzanie pól (plwiki)
Cercamentos (ptwiki)
Огораживания (ruwiki)
Земљишна реформа (srwiki)
Enclosurerörelsen (svwiki)
Çitleme (trwiki)
Обгороджування (ukwiki)
圈地运动 (zhwiki)

Q792164 Enclosure Enclosure

Enclosure


FR